Ethiopia Drought Case Study

A case study of the Borana of southern Ethiopia  Authors. Twenty years after the devastating famine in 1984, Ethiopia still faces food security crises. Wardlow, Yared Bayissa, and Andualem Shiferaw. Status of Homeless Population in Urban Ethiopia: A Case Study of Amhara Region. In areas with 28 year cycle, new cycle starts around 1991. Supporting public health response to disease outbreaks, displaced South Sudanese refugees in Gambella Region, and strengthening resilient health systems in Ethiopia. 53: 35–51, March 2017 35 BUILDING RESILIENCE THROUGH SOCIAL CAPITAL AS A COUNTER-MEASURE TO NATURAL DISASTERS IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY FROM A PROJECT IN PASTORALIST AND AGRO-PASTORALIST COMMUNITIES IN BORENA, IN THE OROMIA REGION OF ETHIOPIA Go SHIMADA School of International Relations, University of Shizuoka. It highlights some key observations and learnings from World Vision’s. The elevation varies from 500 to 2500 m. In drought affected areas like the Horn of Africa, aid organizations have come to play a This study evaluates the economic case for early Ethiopia and Somalia. Said to be "the worst in 60 years", the drought caused a severe food crisis across Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya that threatened the livelihood of 9. 400,000 refugees left the country, and 2. Forestry, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resource, Hawassa, Ethiopia. First, the Ethiopian economy is still largely comprised of rain-fed agriculture in an agroclimatic environment that has been no stranger to extreme drought in recent decades. In Ethiopia there is no framework in the area of drought monitoring. It has been established by historians that drought has been recurring in Ethiopia in 13-14 year cycles for some 600 years. Ethiopia is a landlocked country bordering Kenya on the South, Sudan on the West, Somalia on the East and Eritrea on the North (Figure 1). Causes, effects, case studies, management? • Use the textbook and the photocopies to explore the causes & consequences of drought • Include human & physical causes, the effects & how they are managed • Consider patterns of rainfall & how the land is managed • CASE STUDIES: CAUSES, EFFECTS, RESPONSES 15. Objectives of the consultancy The main objective of this short‐term assignment will be to document case studies capturing lessons learned, key achievements, challenges, and opportunities in drought /water security related intervention. Aug 08, 2011 · The current drought conditions have been caused by successive seasons with very low rainfall. El Nino threatens to worsen Australia drought. Where did it happen? Between July 2011 and mid-2012, a severe drought affected the entire East Africa region. Farmers' preferences for development intervention fall into four major categories: market, irrigation, resettlement, and soil and water conservation. 75 million tons in 1979/80 to 5 million tons in 1993/94, falling to 2. The present study is an important addition to the increasing research base. This paper presents a study of peoples' perceptions of rainfall conditions and compares them with observed rainfall data. (A second case study, on resource scarcity in Pakistan, is currently being prepared by David Steven; plans are also in train. current drought situation, prospects for the identification of appropriate durable solutions on a case-by-case basis remain viable, including with regard to voluntary returns. Hence, the objective of this study was to assess the socioeconomic contribution of dry forests and forest products to climate change adaptation in the Liben Woreda, Southern Oromia region of Ethiopia. It has been trying many of the ideas that form elements of ARC over the last five years, and as such is an informative case study of how ARC might work in a country where much of the ground work has been set. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (National Population Policy of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Office of the. Hence, in this study a new. Box 445, Ethiopia. , herbaceous and woody vegetation, for livestock in the Afar region. Spielman International Food Policy Research Institute Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Revised draft for comment April 2008 International Food Policy Research Institute 2033 K St. The climate is considered tropical monsoon but varies based on elevation and other topographic factors. Historically, government has taken a reactive approach to dealing with drought. Search this site. But drought and famine are recurrent problems and once again Ethiopia is desperate for humanitarian aid. This study assesses the applicability of remote sensing data for retrieval of key drought indicators including the degree of moisture deficiency, drought duration and areal extent of drought within different land cover types across the landscape. Studies are required in different agro-ecological and climatic conditions to have a better understanding of farmers’ adaptation behaviours and best management practices. (A second case study, on resource scarcity in Pakistan, is currently being prepared by David Steven; plans are also in train. CAN E-TRANSFERS PROMOTE FINANCIAL INCLUSION IN EMERGENCIES: A CASE STUDY FROM ETHIOPIA 8 Ethiopia's largely-pastoralist Sitti Zone, in northern Somali Region, and Zone Three in southern Afar Region were particularly hard-hit by the droughts. 14 Aug 2019, 12:01am. By intensity, droughts are. Introduction The long-term goal of the five year development strategy, PASDEP (Plan for Accelerated. One nutrition worker's solution to childcare at a busy feeding distribution! A three day meeting was held in Dublin hosted by Concern and Valid International between 8-10th of. The experimental data used for this study were obtained for all of Ethiopia (East Africa). Sahel drought case study - Proposals, essays & academic papers of top quality. Using Rajshahi, a drought-prone northwestern district in Bangladesh, as a case study, this research aims to provide. case study All regions Africa and the Arab States Asia and the Pacific Caribbean and Central America Europe Least Developed Countries North America Polar regions Small Island Developing States South America Country(s) relevant to case study Ethiopia Adaptation sector(s) relevant to case study Business Education and training. Humanitarian crisis Up to 20 million threatened by drought in eastern Africa. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. By intensity, droughts are. It has a stout pseudostem of tightly overlapping leaf bases, and large banana-like leaf blades of up to 5 m (16 ft) tall by 1 m (3 ft 3 in) wide, with a salmon-pink midrib. Accordingly, the findings obtained from the study revealed that food insecurity continues to affect the Ethiopian population in general and the sub-watershed communities in particular. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PASTORALIST PARLIAMENTARY GROUPS: CASE STUDY ON THE PASTORAL AFFAIRS STANDING COMMITTEE OF ETHIOPIA May 2004 Mohammed Mussa Development Economist/Consultant P. Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Drought Severity Using Drought Indices and Deterministic and Geostatistical Methods (Case Study: Zayandehroud River Basin) Article 6, Volume 21, Issue 2 - Serial Number 1, Summer and Autumn 2016, Page 165-172 PDF (644. The government’s ambitions could be undermined by its very real capacity constraints, especially at region, woreda and kebele level; where different. This case study provides useful guidance and encouragement for those engaged in such work. CR-WASH Program in Drought-Prone from 1994 to the 2010s in Ethiopia; Case Study of the Ele Spring in Genta Bonke Kebele. 75 million tons in 1979/80 to 5 million tons in 1993/94, falling to 2. The term drought is differently defined because the phenomenon is studied from different points of view. A case study of the Borana of southern Ethiopia  Authors. Farmers' intention and decision to adapt to climate change: A case study in the Yom and Nan basins, Phichit province of Thailand. 4 million people (77 per cent of those it would like to help). Study Session 11 Impacts of Climate Change in Ethiopia Introduction. Kamau Julius Wambugu MA Environmental Planning and Management An evaluation of the integration status for climate change adaptation within the. org launched WaterCredit programs that reached more than 40,000 people with access to safe water over five years. (C) 2015 The Authors. : Causes and Impacts of Land Degradation and Desertification: Case Study of the Sudan. An experimental drought monitoring tool has been developed that predicts the vegetation condition (Vegetation Outlook) using a regression‐tree technique at a monthly time step during the growing season in Eastern Africa. This is the first in a series of CIC case studies on the risks that resource scarcity and climate change pose to poor countries – and on how those countries and their international partners can build resilience to them. But drought and famine are recurrent problems and once again Ethiopia is desperate for humanitarian aid. The study, detailed in this report, considers three key questions:. Between July 2011 and mid-2012, a severe drought affected the entire East African region. Agezew Hida - Bahir Dar University. Between July 2011 and mid-2012, a severe drought affected the entire East African region. Drought, Famine, and Conflict: A Case from the Horn of Africa This case study examines the interplay betweeen drought, famine, and conflict; the author argues that each exacerbates the others, making all three especially difficult to solve. research attention, both in general and in the case of extreme event attribution, but this is changing. It intends to quickly and effectively disseminate information to key persons in charge of planning and implementing recovery activities in disaster affected countries and local governments. Colloquium on El Niño-Southern Oscillation ENSO), NCAR, Boulder, Colorado, USA. The area is semi-arid and experiences variability in rainfall (300-500mm per annum) with. WHO projects. Abraha, whose farm is located at the foot of Adi Qilqil mountain, had often let his animals graze freely on the mountainsides, like others in his community. Jul 28, 2003 · While Ethiopia is an extreme case, it is an ominous leading indicator of what may soon happen in other African nations. In a study conducted by Water. Youth Unemployment: Ethiopia Country Study Nzinga H. have been able to significantly build on this earlier study, and it has provided the starting point for this analysis. In all cases, drought led to the failure of crops which resulted in famines. The cause of drought is believed to be human and natural. In Climate Change and African Political Stability Student Working Paper No. Introduction The long-term goal of the five year development strategy, PASDEP (Plan for Accelerated. Ethiopia is continuing efforts to improve its response to drought. a prolonged period of months and years where supply ofwater falls below demand. Box 445, Ethiopia. This shows that drought is a common event in the study area, as well in the case of other drought prone areas in the country. In our picture, they are listening to weather information via the solar radio provided by Christian Aid. At the most likely rates of adoption, based on several recent studies and expert advice, drought tolerant maize can generate US$ 0. The main objective of this study was to assess the impacts of consecutive resettlement programs (spontaneous and planned) on the forests in southwest Ethiopia. It is becoming a common phenomenon for the country and its habitants. production in Ethiopia. 12 Jul 2011. (National Population Policy of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Office of the. The drought has led to crop failures and food shortages in parts of Ethiopia. Abnormally dry to exceptional drought intensity conditions, for July 15, 2015. Case Study #1: Dossier on Ethiopia in the 1980s and 1990s The case of Ethiopia is one of the most instructive in Africa. Case studies-Pastoralism. One of the driest years on record, 2013 was marked by having the driest winter in more than five hundred years. Evaluation of Watershed Development Plan and Technology Adoption Level of Farmers in Amhara Region, The case of SWHISA Project, Ethiopia Solomon Addisu1, Goraw Goshu2, Yihenew G. Hence, to manage these sustainably a monitoring scheme must urgently be established for investigating rangeland quality and resilience to drought and grazing pressure. Impacts of Climate Change on Rainfall Extremes and Urban Drainage Systems in Yato Watershed. While it is certain that the region will experience further drought, and periods of acute vulnerability, such short-term responses should comprise part of a longer-term strategy. For many, Ethiopia’s recent history makes the country synonymous with drought, and it is certainly true that this re-mains the major natural hazard faced by Ethiopia. Samuel Bogale. In our picture, they are listening to weather information via the solar radio provided by Christian Aid. The year 1984 was the most drastic and distinct-wide extreme drought episode in all studied stations. 6 million tons in 1995/96 despite a record harvest (Befekadu and Berhanu 2000:176). Humanitarian crisis Up to 20 million threatened by drought in eastern Africa. By mid-2003, an insidious combination of sporadic season-. First to draw lessons from the Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) processes of The Horn of Africa Risk Transfer for Adaptation (HARITA)/ R4 Rural Resilience Initiative with respect to (a) the effectiveness. ,Standard precipitation index and Mann - Kendal test were used to analyze drought incident and trends of drought occurrences, respectively. Water Scarcity & Security: Ethiopia's Water Crisis A consistent condition of water scarcity—lack of access to clean water—has a devastating effect on the lives of Ethiopians. Demisse, Tsegaye Tadesse, Solomon Atnafu, Shawndra Hill, Brian D. IPMS (Improving Productivity and Market Success) of Ethiopian Farmers Project Working Paper 21. Ethiopia is a member of the Nonaligned Movement and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. "[8] This suggests that drought and conflict always reinforce each other or are two sides of a coin. In Ethiopia drought has a long history. Ethiopia is one of the few African countries which do not have oil and mineral resources. The general objective of this study was to identify factors that determine households' vulnerability to food insecurity in drought prone areas of the Amhara Region of Ethiopia by using Lay Gaint woreda (district) as a case study site. Youth Unemployment: Ethiopia Country Study Nzinga H. 5 / SOMALIA 2017-2018 / drOught And cOnfLIct dEc JAn fEB MAr SOMALIA 2017-2018 / DROUGHT KEYWORDS: Shelter kits, nfI, training, Post-distribution monitoring CRISIS 2017 Drought TOTAL PEOPLE IN NEED* 6. Abraha, whose farm is located at the foot of Adi Qilqil mountain, had often let his animals graze freely on the mountainsides, like others in his community. Food Security and Gender Equality under Industrial Crop Expansion in Ethiopia and Ghana. Oxfam East Africa , CC BY Somalia conflict and famine: the causes are bad governance, not climate change. Drought and Population Mobility in Rural Ethiopia Drought and Population Mobility in Rural Ethiopia Gray, Clark 2012-01-01 00:00:00 Significant attention has focused on the possibility that climate change will displace large populations in the developing world, but few multivariate studies have investigated climate-induced migration. Ethiopia Probably the poorest country in the world, Ethiopia has the most vulnerability towards drought. Global Food Security Conference, McGill University, Oct. undernutrition-case-study. This section also assesses the changing trend of public expenditure with focus on poverty-reducing outlays and provides insights for future expenditure policies in Ethiopia. CASE STUDY t ZTHE BIG DRY [ in AUSTRALIA tAn event caused by El Nino/La Nina x Explain how the extreme weather conditions of El Nino/La Nina develop and how t his can lead to drought in Australia x Explain the effects of the drought on people and the environment x Explain ways in which people have adapted to drought in the case study area. Since 2011, ILRI and its partners in the public, private and non-profit sectors have pursued a comprehensive research agenda aimed at designing, developing and implementing market mediated index-based insurance to protect livestock keepers from drought related asset losses, particularly those in the drought prone Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs). Many farmers have. Ethiopia: Country Case Study Report / How Law and Regulation Supports Disaster Risk Reduction Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa, has a total population estimated at 88 million (the third largest population in Africa), and contains over 80 ethnic groups spread over nine regional states and two city administrations, yet despite. 75 million Kenyans. Meteorological Research Reports Series, No. While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. It affected more than eight million people in Ethiopia, causing severe famine and starvation in the country as a whole, with the worst of the devastation affecting the lowlands. The two case studies presented here are from Dadaab, Kenya, and Cairo, Egypt. Desertification. virtually non-existent. The most dramatic cases of perceived risk among case study countries are Ethiopia and Mozambique. Case studies The Top 10 Myths About Women and the Heroes Who Bust Them! Mothers Matter : Healthy Mothers , Healthy Societies. et Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. in schools: A case study of Budalangi area in Busia County 5. It is argued that the entitlements approach developed by. Study Area The fieldwork of this rural resilience assessment project was conducted in Borana, Ethiopia (Figure 1). introduction 11 b. ETHIOPIAN FAMINES 1973-1985: A CASE-STUDY Gopalakrishna Kumar Balliol College Oxford ABSTRACT The paper studies the experience of Ethiopia with regard to the two major famines the country has witnessed in the last fifteen years. Botswana Drought and Household Food Security Report 2012-2013. their food security situations: a case study of Berta Gibi and Gemechu Safar in the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia DEGEFA TOLOSSA ABSTRACT This paper, based on qualitative research within two communities in Addis Ababa, identifies factors that impoverish households and expose them. • Drought in the Horn of Africa has affected over 13 million people, including 3. pptx), PDF File (. Drought risk and vulnerability in rainfed agriculture: Example of a case study from Australia R. Severe drought, exacerbated by poverty and conflict, hit at least four countries in 2011 - Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia - displacing hundreds of thousands of people. 2015 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Despite widespread emergency response in Ethiopia's agriculture sector last year to the El Niño-induced drought, humanitarian needs remain high in 2017. This study suggests that the effect of drought could be reduced through involving the smallholder farmers in a wide range of on and off-farm practices. Moreover, the. A case study approach is adopted in which rural communities are acknowledged as people taking a leading role in the creation, facilitation and enacting of drought adaptation strategies. According to a recent study of weather behavior,. Women's agency in changing contexts: A case study of innovation processes in Western Kenya. A case study of four community based irrigation schemes A thesis presented to the School of Graduate Studies Addis Ababa. 5 million people. Apr 23, 2016 · Ethiopia struggles with worst drought for 50 years leaving 18 million people in need of aid Save study finds. 21 F Makki & C Geisler Development by dispossession: Land-grabbing as new enclosures in contemporary Ethiopia (2011) 13. 4 SST extremes based on climate change simulations and then interpret these results using empirical relationships between Niño-3. snapshots of the Ethiopia drought from the ground through a series of case studies. Africa is one of the two major regions with the least improvement in accomplishing the MDG on sanitation by 2015. Ethiopia - Using a social safety net to deliver disaster insurance to the poor : case study (English) Abstract. This study assesses the impact of the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) onhousholds ’ investments in sustainable land management (SLM) practices in the Central Rift Valley (CRV) of Ethiopia. Ethiopia Ethiopia is located in East Africa, north of Kenya, and is about the size of Bolivia. Thus, land tenure systems under the. Overall the number of Ethiopian’s needing food aid has surged to more than 2 million from 5. El Nino threatens to worsen Australia drought. Honors, Awards. Somalia is a case of subtle connections between drought, food insecurity and conflict. 6 million affected people are in dire need of aid. More than 400 people died during outbreaks of acute watery diarrhoea in 2006. Pastoralism. Ethiopia’s history, displacing people all over the coun-try. Box 445, Ethiopia. Learn more about the Ethiopia economy, including the population of Ethiopia, GDP, facts, trade, business, inflation and other data and analysis on its economy from the Index of Economic Freedom. Ethiopia's Horn of Africa Risk Transfer for Adaptation (HARITA) program, recently renamed the R4 Rural Resilience Initiative (R4), and is an innovative model of how demand-based disaster micro insurance for the poor can be integrated into a social safety. improve their food security status. Case study on Ethiopia* prepared by Teigist Lemma Addis Abada, Ethiopia May 2006 *The opinions expressed in this report are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of UNCTAD or of the organizations and institutions with which the author may be connected. Evidence from the study makes the strongest case for explanations emphasizing a relationship between the perceived risk of a natural hazard and the likelihood that a government will institute policies to prepare for this hazard. gov • Case Study in the Guide is the Spicewood Beach Drinking Water System. Likewise, while 8 million Ethiopian people were at risk of drought in 2000, Ethiopia and Eritrea were waging war. The general objective of this study was to identify factors that determine households' vulnerability to food insecurity in drought prone areas of the Amhara Region of Ethiopia by using Lay Gaint woreda (district) as a case study site. At the end of your immigrant visa interview, the consular officer will inform you whether your visa application is approved or denied. Ethiopia's Horn of Africa Risk Transfer for Adaptation (HARITA) program, recently renamed the R4 Rural Resilience Initiative (R4), and is an innovative model of how demand-based disaster micro insurance for the poor can be integrated into a social safety. The study reviews this work with a view to collating available information on drought cycle management. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PASTORALIST PARLIAMENTARY GROUPS: CASE STUDY ON THE PASTORAL AFFAIRS STANDING COMMITTEE OF ETHIOPIA May 2004 Mohammed Mussa Development Economist/Consultant P. Floods, droughts, and landslides are some examples of extreme climate events that happen all of the time around the world, and yet we only hear about a select few, usually when there is mass suffering and casualty. SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Socio economic and environmental impact assessment of community based small-scale irrigation in the Upper Awash Basin. in northcentral Ethiopia: A case study in. The drought limited the production of both food and cash crops like coffee, said the Famine Early Warning System Network. Area: 1,104,300 square km. Five case studies were written independently,. Over 95,000 km2 in size, it is home to over 350,000 people with a livestock population fluctuating around a million. Following up on the low-emissions options study in Ethiopia and Kenya, a related cost–benefit analysis of fodder production as a low emissions development strategy for the Kenyan dairy sector was carried out. Using publicly available, nationally representative datasets, we developed a taxonomy of variables specific to disaster risk reduction in Ethiopia, combined the datasets to fill out this taxonomy, and conducted factor analysis to identify characteristics that have most corresponded with vulnerability to drought in Ethiopia and specific areas. Object Moved This document may be found here. Drought is a natural feature of climate variability in all parts of world. By mid-2003, an insidious combination of sporadic season-. In recent months, approximately 1 million people have been affected across the country by the drought. Update your profile Developing a satellite-based combined drought indicator to monitor agricultural drought: a case study for Ethiopia. The study sited Mengistu’s regime as it is widely believed that it’s the better part of his reign that witnessed a poor provisions of social services due to the constant conflicts, Drought and famines, and the revolutionizing of Ethiopia to be a socialist state, a path that was too rugged and expensive to be travelled by an African poor. "Risk and vulnerability in Ethiopia: Learning from the past, Responding to the Present, Preparing for the future, " United States Agency for International Development, Addis Ababa Margaret F. CRS is calling upon the international donor community—beyond the steady and generous support of the U. NATIONAL WATER STRATEGY OF ETHIOPIA 1. Continuing drought and endless fighting has made life unbearable for many people in Somalia. BRACED building financial resilience case study from Ethiopia Author: Christian Aid Subject: As part of the global Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED) programme, Christian Aid is leading the consortium through its Climate Information and Assets for Resilience in Ethiopia (CIARE) project. In 2015, Water. Between July 2011 and mid-2012, a severe drought affected the entire East African region. This study assesses the impact of the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) onhousholds ’ investments in sustainable land management (SLM) practices in the Central Rift Valley (CRV) of Ethiopia. The timing of the rains that did fall was also erratic. 2015 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Requested funds US$ 668 257. , 2005a, Angassa and Oba, 2007, Hassen, 2008), little research has been done on the availability and use of natural resources, i. 5 / SOMALIA 2017-2018 / drOught And cOnfLIct dEc JAn fEB MAr SOMALIA 2017-2018 / DROUGHT KEYWORDS: Shelter kits, nfI, training, Post-distribution monitoring CRISIS 2017 Drought TOTAL PEOPLE IN NEED* 6. There is high demand for information on yield gaps and nutrient use efficiency in Ethiopia. The two case studies presented here are from Dadaab, Kenya, and Cairo, Egypt. Study Area The fieldwork of this rural resilience assessment project was conducted in Borana, Ethiopia (Figure 1). As Ethiopia remains caught in a deadly cycle of drought and famine, aid agencies warn that erratic rainfall and ever-rising food costs are compounding the problems carried over from last year's drought to leave 6. Similarly, stations found in western part of the study region were exposed to high frequency of severe and extreme droughts at annual timescale. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. in northcentral Ethiopia: A case study in. The 1991-1992 drought which ravaged most of southern Africa, killed more than one million cattle in Zimbabwe. Photo & Case Study Credit :Kim Morasse. In total 3,269 household interviews and over 200 focus groups were conducted for all nine case studies. 0 per cent). Because of sixth poor rsiny seasons in three years, 20 million people needed help. Ethiopia, China, UK GCSE Case Study Geography Ethiopia-A poor LIC However with drought coomn and a war with the their neighbours Eritrea this has caused coffee. Ethiopia's Horn of Africa Risk Transfer for Adaptation (HARITA) program, recently renamed the R4 Rural Resilience Initiative (R4), and is an innovative model of how demand-based disaster micro insurance for the poor can be integrated into a social safety. This paper presents a study of peoples' perceptions of rainfall conditions and compares them with observed rainfall data. The cash derived from de-. More recently, a drought in Ethiopia has led to famine in Gode, in the south of Ethiopia. In the case of Ethiopia, much of this groundwater is located in regions with highly complex hydrogeological structures which are prone to geochemical contamination (saline and fluoride). Use of drought response index for identification of drought tolerant genotypes in rainfed lowland rice. The development of water resources for agricultural purposes on the one hand and rural water supply schemes on the other are the focus of our discussion in this section. Where did it happen? Between July 2011 and mid-2012, a severe drought affected the entire East Africa region. Requested funds US$ 668 257. The study thus covers a variety of country situations and varying stages of implementation. Developing a satellite-based combined drought indicator to monitor agricultural drought: a case study for Ethiopia. Ethiopian Drought 2010by: Yusuke, Jose, and SunnyIB1 GeographyExamine the factors that affected thechoice of adjustments before, and responsesto, actual hazard events or disasters 2. California's Prolonged Drought And Its Effects On Economic Inequality: A Case Study On East Porterville Interethnic Relations in Ethiopia July 22,. For example, the magnitude 7. Drought is a natural feature of climate variability in all parts of world. Case study on the Effectiveness of HSNP Cash Transfers in the Current Prolonged Drought Rules of the Range: Natural Resource Management in Kenya - Ethiopia Border Areas. Sustainable land management through market-oriented commodity development: Case studies from Ethiopia. As the worst El Niño-induced drought has sparked a sharp deterioration in food security and massive drop in agricultural and pastoral production in Ethiopia, the Food and Agriculture Organization today presented a $50 million plan to assist agriculture- and livestock-dependent households and. Read more Educating girls in Pakistan Special activities to address the reasons children, especially girls, do not attend school are improving. But drought and famine are recurrent problems and once again Ethiopia is desperate for humanitarian aid. This case study will provide details on the R4 project in Ethiopia,. East Africa is in the midst of its worst drought in more than 60 years, with as many as 10 million people at risk. Drought in Tuvalu Climate change is increasing the variability in rainfall, so improving storage and changing behaviours are important to help ensure water security and reduce the impact of drought. specific or robust as those of the full case studies. Only secret you need to know to solve all Business Case Studies (with Example) - Duration: 7:03. 4 Information systems and the drought relief programme Government of Botswana (2013). Annex III: Case study of PSNP and drought resilience in Oromia Region 81 Annex IV: Case study of PSNP in the Afar region 83 Annex V: Case study of SLM sites in Tigray region 84 Annex VI: Case study of Afar region during the 2015/2016 drought 85 Annex VII: Institutional arrangements for multi-stakeholder coordination 86. In comparison to the other studies it focuses on Somalis displaced to Egypt as well as Kenya and is carried out within the context of the 2011 drought. 4 billion, which increased to $1. Sahel drought case study - diversify the way you deal with your homework with our appreciated service receive the required paper here and forget about your fears Writing a custom dissertation means go through lots of steps. 22 Study Results: rainfall Results: temperature Attribution analysis of the Ethiopian drought of 201523 (April 2017) Focused on precipitation intensity in north-eastern Ethiopia over the period Feb-Sept. Abstract Despite the fact that the per capita income of Sri Lanka has been increased and overall poverty level and. Ethiopia had never recovered from the previous great famine of the early 1970s, which was the result of a drought that affected most of the countries of the African Sahel. By intensity, droughts are. First, it is a rising power in a conflict-ridden region, presenting itself as a ‘benevolent hegemon’—although frequently perceived differently by its neighbours. Task 4 - Watch the Explaining the Sahel Drought Problem video report to the right and take notes on the environmental, social and economic effects of the drought on the countries affected. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) is a 6,450 MW hydropower project nearing completion on the Blue Nile in Ethiopia, located about 30 km upstream of the border with Sudan. Thousands in Somalia and Ethiopia began the year by making the dangerous journey to Yemen. For a named area, describe the causes and effects of your chosen hazard. Box 445, Ethiopia. Ethiopia is particularly vulnerable to the effects of land degradation with one of the highest rates of soil erosion in Africa. demonstration case studies in drought or water security in Ethiopia. In article [65] Kwadwo et al. "[8] This suggests that drought and conflict always reinforce each other or are two sides of a coin. Case study 1: Ato Abera Yimam's story. Despite much research, we still do not know enough about how local people in different settings understand and cope with food shortage. This case is part of a case study series, where the Water-Energy-Climate Nexus supports the transition towards a more sustainable and low-carbon urban management. During the earlier drought, it was months before the government admitted there was a problem, in part because Ethiopia had gained a reputation as Africa’s rising star and didn’t want to go. Professor, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Mekelle University, Ethiopia. A lot of your information is specific to the region. Global Food Security Conference, McGill University, Oct. pdf), Text File (. In Ethiopia drought has a long history. Study Area The fieldwork of this rural resilience assessment project was conducted in Borana, Ethiopia (Figure 1). Published by Elsevier B. CASE STUDY AFRICA A. News > World > Africa Looming 'catastrophe' in East Africa proves why world must tackle climate change, says Oxfam. • Drought in the Horn of Africa has affected over 13 million people, including 3. 53 billion from increased maize grain harvests and reduced risk over the study period, assuming conservative yield improvements—that is, a yield advantage over normal, improved maize of 3-20%, depending on the. Impact Assessments of Livelihoods-based Drought Interventions in Moyale and Dire Woredas Sale of livestock in de-stocking program 37% Sale of food aid 2% Income gained from daily laboring 3% Support from family/relatives 6% Loan from family/relative 7% Income from sale of non-other assets 1% Income from sale of livestock to traders 34% Income. “Risk and vulnerability in Ethiopia: Learning from the past, Responding to the Present, Preparing for the future, “ United States Agency for International Development, Addis Ababa Margaret F. A roadmap to reduce drought risk in Ethiopia Together with the Manual for Implementation and accompanying case studies and suitability maps,. The worst famine to hit the country in a century, it left 1. Ethiopia: $50 million needed to tackle food insecurity caused by El Niño-induced drought, says UN. In July 2016, following the El Niño-associated drought in Ethiopia, DFID and USAID asked VE to carry out an additional study to understand whether early humanitarian aid and previous resilience. Environmental Systems Research Institute, USA. Food crisis in the Horn of Africa Progress report July 2011-July 2012 Contents Foreword 2 Introduction 4 Somalia 9 Ethiopia 14 Kenya 20 Regional Advocacy 25 Finance 26 The future: reducing the risks 28 New arrivals queue outside the camp reception centre in Dadaab are caught in a brief dust storm whipped up by the harsh winds. Stone* and A. The multiple benefits of livestock are in focus this week as experts meet in Ethiopia Posted on 9 May 2017 by Paul Karaimu 1 Comment Fritz Schneider, chair of the Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock (photo credit: ILRI/Apollo Habtamu). In this case, more than 1,800 farmers in seven villages experienced drought conditions that triggered payouts. Kabogo Susan W. , herbaceous and woody vegetation, for livestock in the Afar region. Nearly 40 per cent of Ethiopia’s 90 million population is considered food insecure. The concept of land degradation was considered in four ways which includes, the effect on the soil productivity and the environment around, decline in the land usefulness, loss of bio-diversity, shifting ecological risk and a. The FAO estimates that a total of 925 million people were undernourished in 2010, compared with 1023 billion in 2009. Citation Bullock, R. In all cases, drought led to the failure of crops which resulted in famines. (A second case study, on resource scarcity in Pakistan, is currently being prepared by David Steven; plans are also in train. The magnitude of the devastation to Ethiopia led the UN's Allahoury Diallo to declare that the "drought is not just a food crisis - it is, above all, a livelihood crisis. In Ethiopia alone 5. These issues are discussed in detail in a recent review of the water sector carried out by the Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR), and summarised in Section 3 below. Irrigation is required for high crop productivity when precipitation is inadequate to meet the crop evapotranspiration (ET) demand. Physical Causes: Has a marginal climate with high average temps 28-30 degrees C. Paper 1 - The Physical Environment Topic 1: The changing landscapes of the UK. In our picture, they are listening to weather information via the solar radio provided by Christian Aid. In general, the greater the length of the fault, the bigger the earthquake, and the longer the duration of the quake. The weather system El Niño has been blamed for the failure of rains. The country also has to cope with nearly a million refugees. I will present men’s and women’s Then susceptibility to drought and their coping capacity. Hence, in this study, the yield gap and Agronomic nitrogen use efficiency was estimated for maize (Zea mays L) in Jimma, Bako,. It has a stout pseudostem of tightly overlapping leaf bases, and large banana-like leaf blades of up to 5 m (16 ft) tall by 1 m (3 ft 3 in) wide, with a salmon-pink midrib. This study analyzes drought characteristics in the Awash River Basin of Ethiopia based on meteorological and hydrological variables. The United States first established diplomatic relations with Ethiopia in 1903, and has maintained them ever since, despite. Building resilience to drought: Learning from experience in the Horn of Africa | 1 Acronyms iii Acknowledgements iv Summary and lessons learned 2 ETHIOPIA 4 Case study 1: Improving food and water security in the Abreha we-Atsebeha watershed 4 Case study 2: Sustainable water resources and livelihoods in the Lake Haramaya watershed 6. We first assess changes in Niño-3. This study examined smallholder farmers' level of perception about climate change, source of information on climate change, types of adaptation strategies, factors influencing adaptation choices and barriers to adaptation in Eastern Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia. The overall quantitative storage capacity depends on both the type of soil and the. Irrigation & Drainage 62: 435-448. The International Development Research Center conducted a case study called "Ethiopia: Breaking the Cycle of Poverty in Ethiopia. Major reasons for the yield gap are frequent drought stress and lack of nutrients warranting their efficient use. have been able to significantly build on this earlier study, and it has provided the starting point for this analysis. rtf from AA 13. GCSE & A level Geography. Are the Millennium development Goals being met? How it trade influencing development? Famine and drought in Ethiopia. This scenario is developed using Ethiopia as a case study. 5 million already getting aid from the government. 75 million Kenyans. APR 3, 2016 (SpillingTheBeans)–Ethiopia, the birth place of Coffea Arabica, is suffering the worst drought in over 50 years. Institutional Capacity for Natural Disasters: Case Studies in Africa.